The Flagellation, in a Christian context , refers to an episode in the Passion of Christ prior to Jesus' crucifixion. Under this legislation, vagrants were to be taken to a nearby populated area "and there tied to the end of a cart naked and beaten with whips throughout such market town till the body shall be bloody". The Romans reserved this treatment for non-citizens, as stated in the lex Porcia and lex Sempronia, dating from and BC. It was frequently carried out during the period of slavery in the United States , by slave owners and their slaves. With the prisoner thus stripped and bound, either one or two floggers administered the prescribed number of strokes, or "lashes," to the victim's back. Medically supervised caning is routinely ordered by the courts as a penalty for some categories of crime in Singapore , Brunei , Malaysia , Indonesia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and elsewhere. The practice of mortification of the flesh for religious purposes has been utilised by members of various Christian denominations since the time of the Great Schism in
Sentences of a hundred lashes would usually result in death. In the late seventeenth century, however, the courts occasionally ordered that the flogging should be carried out in prison or a house of correction rather than on the streets. Judicial corporal punishment Officially abolished in most Western countries, flogging or whipping, including foot whipping in some countries, is still a common punishment in some parts of the world, particularly in countries using Islamic law and in some territories formerly under British rule. Halakha specifies the lashes must be given in sets of three, so the total number cannot exceed See Australian penal colonies section. On 31 May , the Jacobin women seized a revolutionary leader, Anne Josephe Theroigne de Mericourt , stripped her naked, and flogged her on the bare bottom in the public garden of the Tuileries. The scars are clearly visible because of keloid formation. Floggings of both male and female convicts were public, administered before the whole colony's company, assembled especially for the purpose. Charles Oman , historian of the Peninsular War , noted that the maximum sentence was inflicted "nine or ten times by general court-martial during the whole six years of the war" and that 1, lashes were administered about 50 times. It was the Great "Cat" Contention, "Mr Speaker, since the Government has let the cat out of the bag, there is nothing to be done but to take the bull by the horns. In one case, a British soldier on detached duty with the KGL was sentenced to be flogged, but the German commander refused to carry out the punishment. Such a device could easily cause disfigurement and serious trauma, such as ripping pieces of flesh from the body or loss of an eye. In addition to causing severe pain, the victim would approach a state of hypovolemic shock due to loss of blood. However, in , a cashiered British officer's sword could be broken over his head, among other indignities inflicted on him. It was frequently carried out during the period of slavery in the United States , by slave owners and their slaves. From the s courts began explicitly to differentiate between private whipping and public whipping. Flogging still continued for years after independence. However, in the absence of a Sanhedrin , corporal punishment is not practiced in Jewish law. One soldier was sentenced to lashes for stealing a beehive. History of Australia Once common in the British Army and British Royal Navy as a means of discipline, flagellation also featured prominently in the British penal colonies in early colonial Australia. In addition to the infliction of pain, one of the principal purposes of the flogging was to humiliate the offender in front of his mates and to demonstrate, in a forceful way, that he had been required to submit to authority. Military flogging was abolished in the United States Army on 5 August In the Roman Empire , flagellation was often used as a prelude to crucifixion , and in this context is sometimes referred to as scourging. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Corporal punishment Judaism According to the Torah Deuteronomy Flagellation was referred to as "half death" by some authors, as many victims died shortly thereafter. Cicero reports in In Verrem, "pro mortuo sublatus brevi postea mortuus" "taken away for a dead man, shortly thereafter he was dead".
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